High blood pressure can lead to heart attack and strokes and therefore it is extremely important to prevent high blood pressure. Although medicine is often given as a part of the treatment, it is more important to keep the blood pressure in control. This can be done by having a healthy diet and exercising regularly. High blood pressure is extremely dangerous because in the early stages there might be no symptoms of disease and once the person is aware of it can be too late. The first step how one can prevent high blood pressure is by avoiding smoking. While cigarette smoking is not directly related to high blood pressure it increases the chances of heart attack and stroke. Smoking harms the blood vessel walls and accentuates the process of hardening of arteries. Smoking is injurious even one is using filtered cigarettes.
It is also important to maintain a healthy weight and lose weight if one is overweight to prevent high blood pressure. It is important to maintain a healthy weight because as the body weight increases, blood pressure rises. Small amounts of weight lose can make a huge difference to prevent high blood pressure. In order to lose weight one has to eat fewer calories than exercise and burn them.
The second important thing to prevent high blood pressure is to be more physically active. One should increase physical activity as this helps in burning calories. Being physically active reduces the risk for heart disease, lower the cholesterol level and helps lower high blood pressure. Vigorous exercises have more benefits. It improves the fitness of the heart and the lungs and this in turn helps in preventing high blood pressure. Exercises like swimming, brisk walking, running and skipping conditions the heart and the lung and thereby reduces the risk of high blood pressure.
Several studies have shown that foods with less salt and sodium also prevent high blood pressure. A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy foods, poultry, fish, nuts and whole grain products helps in preventing high blood pressure. It is also important to take care that the food contains large amounts of potassium, calcium, magnesium, dietary fibre and protein compared to a normal diet as these minerals help in lowering high blood pressure. If one is using canned or processed foods one should buy brands that have low sodium content. Drinking can also elevate blood pressure therefore to prevent high blood pressure one should limit the drinking of alcohol. It is recommended that people should restrict themselves to one drink a day. Alcoholic drinks contain calories which affect a person’s weight if the person is trying to lose weight.
To prevent high blood pressure it is also important to consult a doctor and take medication if there are chances of it. Therefore, what is utmost important is to maintain a healthy lifestyle which can be done by exercising daily and eating healthy food.